Your Parental Rights
For decades, claims regarding paternity largely boiled down to who could argue the most persuasive case in court. Today, that is not the case. With the introduction of blood and DNA tests, science allows paternity to be determined with virtually 100 percent accuracy.
The result can mean a decisive victory for men who have been denied their parental rights, and for women who have been unable to collect financial support from biological fathers who denied parentage. Legally determining the father is not as difficult as it used to be. In courts in Texas, proof of paternity is the only thing that will allow a court order to require a parent to pay child support.
Determining Biological Parents in Texas
Even with scientific tests proving paternity, answering the question, “Who is the father?” is not always straightforward. In court, paternity will be acknowledged, presumed, or adjudicated. A father is presumed the parent if the parties are married at the time the child is born or if the father consented to being listed on the child’s birth certificate. A presumed father is assumed to be the father unless he or the mother proves otherwise in court. An adjudicated, presumed, or acknowledged father is legal obligated to support his children financially.
Other legal classifications of non-traditional parents include:
- Equitable Parent – When someone in the child’s life plays a parent-like role, but is not an adoptive parent, or biologically related to the child. An equitable parent is often a close family friend.
- Alleged Father – An unwed man who has a biological child is an alleged father (or unwed father) and required to pay child support to the mother. Unwed fathers have rights to visitation and custody.
- Step Parent – When the mother or father legally weds a new spouse who is not biologically related to the child. It is not uncommon for step parents to adopt their stepchildren.
GoransonBain Ausley has a wealth of experience helping clients prove or disprove claims of paternity — both with and without resorting to litigation. We have more than 30 years of experience working in family law. With a little help from modern tests we can help hold the father or mother of your child legally responsible for contributing financially. If you are an unmarried parent trying to establish parental rights, or if you are a mother seeking to receive child support from an assumed father, do not delay in contacting an experienced Dallas paternity lawyer at GoransonBain Ausley.
Texas Law Establishes Paternity Under Specific Conditions
Texas Family Code (Section 160.204) provides very specific conditions that create a presumption of paternity, including the following:
- A child is born during a marriage between the mother and the presumed father.
- A child is born before the 301st day after the termination of the marriage between the mother and presumed father, even if the marriage is declared invalid during that time period.
- A father voluntarily asserts paternity even if he marries the mother after the birth and he either (1) files the assertion in the vital statistics unit, is voluntarily named as the child’s father on the birth certificate, or (3) he promised in a record to support the child as his own.
- A father continuously resides in the household of a child for the first two years of the child’s life, representing to others that the child was his own.
None of these conditions applies to a private sperm donor who enters into a contract that ends the father/child relationship beyond the point of donation.
The law adds additional complications to the question of accepting or denying paternity. Texas Assisted Reproduction statutes differ from the statutes in other states. As an example, Texas laws (Tex Fam Code Secs. 160.751 – 160.763) have their own complexities that affect the rights of sperm donors or even married couples who use a sperm donor to add children to their families. As an example, a gestational agreement is only valid if a court enters an order validating the agreement (Tex Fam Code Sec 160.756 (c)). Thus, it’s important to consult with a Dallas paternity lawyer to fully understand the laws and rights awarded to biological fathers.
Learn More About How A Dallas Paternity Lawyer Can Help
A knowledgeable Dallas paternity lawyer is available to answer all of your questions and to begin developing a legal strategy during your initial consultation. We look forward to hearing from you and helping you and your family.